GAY GHETTO, MARTIN P. LEVINE, JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 1979, VOL 4(4), P363-377.
Gay people have claimed that there exist within major citis "gay ghettos", neighborhoods housing large numbers of homosexual men and women as well as gathering places where homosexual behavior is generally accepted, and have designated as such certain sections of Boston, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, and Los Angeles (Aiken, 1976, p 27; Altman, 1971, p.42: Brill 1976, p 27; Chicago Gay Liberation, 1970, pp3-4; Kantrowitz, 1975, p. 48; Nassberg, 1970, p. 1; Russo, 1976, p. 47; Shilts, 1977, p. 20; Whitmore, 1975, p. 45; Whittman, 1972, pp. 167-168). Sociologists have picked up the term, using it repeatedly in research (e.g. Humphreys, 1972a, pp. 80-81; Weinberg & Williams, 1974, p.43). Typically, however, these authors offer no observations to support their use of the phrase. This paper analyzes the validity of "gay ghetto" as a sociological construct, limiting discussion to the male homosexual community.
HOMOSEXUALITY AMONGST INMATES OF COMMON LODGING HOUSES, N.J. SHANKS, BRITISH JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE, APRIL 1982, P16-18.
In a study conducted amongst some of Manchester's homeless men the incidence of homosexuality was found to be twice that expected for the rest of the population.
JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH, 1991, VOL 12(7), SPECIAL ISSUE: HOMELESS YOUTH, CONTAINS:
INTRODUCTION, JAMES A. FARROW, ROBERT W. DEISHER, RICHARD BROWN, P497-499.
THE MEDICAL CARE OF STREET YOUTH, ROBERT W. DEISHER, WILLIAM M. ROGERS II, P500-503.
RUNAWAY AND STREET YOUTH AT RISK FOR HIV INFECTION: LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN ACCESS TO CARE, ABIGAIL ENGLISH, P504-510.
STREET YOUTH: ADAPTATION AND SURVIVAL IN THE AIDS DECADE, G. CAJETAN LUNA, P511-514.
GAY AND LESBIAN HOMELESS/STREET YOUTH: SPECIAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS, GABE KRUKS, P515-518.
HOMELESS YOUTH IN SEATTLE: PLANNING AND POLICY-MAKING AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL, DAWN H. SMART, P519-527.
BIRTH OUTCOMES OF PROSTITUTING ADOLESCENTS, ROBERT W. DEISHER, CHRTISTINA LITCHFIELD, KERRY R. HOPE, P528-533.
RISK PROFILE OF HOMELESS PREGANT ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH, JULIA PENNBRIDGE, RICHARD G. MACKENZIE, AVON SWOFFORD, P534-538.
HEADSS, A PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGNING EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR RUNAWAY YOUTH, ERIC COHEN, RICHARD G. MACKENZIE, GARY L. YATES, P539-544.
A RISK PROFILE COMPARISON OF HOMELESS YOUTH INVOLVED IN PROSTITUTION AND HOMELESS YOUTH NOT INVOLVED, GARY L. YATES, RICHARD G. MACKENZIE, JULIA PENNBRIDGE, AVON SWOFFORD, P545-548.
EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE STREET SCHOOL ON YOUTH INVOLVED IN PROSTITUTION, KATHRYN V. WURZBACHER, ELLIS D. EVANS, ELIZABETH J. MOORE, P549-554.
THE LOS ANGELES SYSTEM OF CARE FOR RUNAWAY/HOMELESS YOUTH, GARY L. YATES, JULIA PENNBRIDGE, AVON SWOFFORD, RICHARD G. MACKENZIE, P555-560.
OUTREACH HEALTH SERVICES FOR STREET YOUTH, JAMES B. REULER, P561-566.
EVALUATION OF THRESHOLD: AN INDEPENDENT LIVING PROGRAM FOR HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS, DONNA D. SCHRAM, MELINDA A. GIOVENGO, P567-572.
AN AIDS PREVENTION PROGRAM FOR HOMELESS YOUTH, MARY GOULART, SCOTT MADOVER, P573-575.
HOMELESS AND RUNAWAY YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES: NO ACCESS TO THE SYSTEM, MICHAEL R. KENNEDY, P576-579.
GENDER AND SPACE: LESBIANS AND GAY MEN IN THE CITY, SY ADLER, JOHANNA BRENNER, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF URBAN AND REG. RESEARCH, 1992, VOL 16(1), P24-34.
ODDS & SODS
HOUSING AND YOUNG PEOPLE, CLIFF PRIOR, NATIONAL FRIEND CONFERENCE 1985.
HOUSING SERVICES FOR LESBIANS & GAY MEN IN BRIGHTON, BRIGHTON BOROUGH COUNCIL. HEATHER FORD, MARCH 1990.
Discusses the isues surrounding the housing needs of lesbians and gay men, what problems do they have to overcome to secure adequate accommodation and what recommendations should be implemented to improve their housing situtation,.
ASSOCIATION OF LONDON AUTHORITIES LESBIAN AND GAY HOUSING PUBLICATION (DRAFT) 1990.
SET UP TO FAIL, SOCIAL WORK TODAY, JULY 1992, P11.
Prison and hostels for homeless people are often the next place of residence after young people leave care. Joy Ogden examines the latest statistics.
KIDS IN GLASS HOUSES, LIZ GALST, OUT, 1993, DEC/JAN.
At one Los Angeles group home, teenagers in trouble find being lesbian or gay is no longer one of the stikes against them.
THE REALITY OF SEXUALITY, GERARD LEMOS, PAUL CRANE, HOUSING, MAY 1993, P40-41.
Housing authorities could do much more to help homeless lesbians and gay men by interpreting the legislation favourably.
THE ESSENTIAL GUIDE FOR HOMELESS YOUNG LESBIANS & GAY MEN, CENTREPOINT, 1994.
REPORT OF A CONFERENCE SINGLE WOMEN AND HOMELESSNESS, HELD ON 22ND OCTOBER 1986, CHAR.
FIRST COME, FIRST SERVED? YOUNG PEOPLE & EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, A STUDY OF EMERGENCY NIGHTSHELTERS, RESOURCE INFORMATION SERVICE, 1987.
HOUSING FOR LESBIANS AND GAY MEN, REPORT OF A CONFERENCE HELD ON 1ST OCTOBER 1988, CHAR.
A RESPONSE TO THE WHITE PAPER 'HOUSING: THE GOVERNMENT'S PROPOSALS' FROM THE ASSOCIATION OF LONDON AUTHORITIES LESBIAN AND GAY COMMITTEE, 1987.
HOUSING FOR LESBIANS AND GAYS, BACKGROUND PAPERS TO A CONFERENCE HELD BY CHAR ON 1ST OCTOBER 1988 AT LEEDS POLYTECHNIC.
LESBIANS AND HOUSING IN LEICESTER, LESBIAN INFORMATION SERVICE, 1988.
EQUALITY IN HOUSING, LESBIANS AND GAY MEN, ASSOCIATION OF LONDON AUTHORITIES, 1991.
LESBIANS AND HOUSING PACK, LESBIAN INFORMATION SERVICE, 1992.
OUT AND NOWHERE TO GO, QUINN, 1991.
LEAVING HOME, NO 1, SEPT 1991.
LEAVING HOME, NO 3, JAN 1992.
GETTING IT TOGETHER: AN INFORMATION PACK ABOUT WAYS OF SERVING VULNERABLE YOUNG PEOPLE WITH BOTH HOUSING AND MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT NEEDS, COMPILED BY JAN SHERLOCK AND CAROLINE HARDING, GOOD PRACTICE IN MENTAL HEALTH, 1996 INCLUDES:
HIDDEN BUT NOT FORGOTTEN: LESBIAN AND GAY YOUTH, JAN BRIDGET, P16-19.
HELPING GAY AND LESBIAN YOUTH: NEW POLICIES, NEW PROGRAMS, NEW PRACTICE, ED. T. DECRESCENZO (also published as Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 1994, Vol 1(3/4) INCLUDES:
GAY, LESBIAN, AND BISEXUAL YOUTH, DENNIS D. DURBY, P1-37.
Adolescence is a period fraught with developmental challenges for all individuals. Those encountered by gay, lesbian, bisexual, and other sexual minority youth are particularly difficult. The knowledge that they are "different" somehow, although not yet necessarily fully aware of how they are different, leaves many isolated and unable to work through some typical developmental issues having to do with establishing romantic relationships and learning diverse social skills. Such teens may develop a host of coping mechanisms to ease the dissonance experienced when their forming identities are in conflict with peer, parental or, more broadly, societal expectations.
SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS FOR GAY AND LESBIAN YOUTH, GREGG GREELEY, P111-130.
This paper discusses six youth service organizations that represent diferent solutions to the same problem: the acceptance of sexual minority youth. These solutions include youth-led groups, organizations dedicated to training and education, and agencies that provide direct services to youth. This chapter tries to bring some insight into the forces that formed these groups and discusses some of the new directions in the youth service community. Although each of these groups started with different structures and services, many have evolved to offer a common set of services. Future organizations will be able to benefit from this by assembling programs from the model components that have already been implemented. Future work should enhance those effective service components that have received little attention and develop new models to meet youth needs.
NON-GHETTO GAYS: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF SUBURBAN HOMOSEXUALS, FREDERICK R. LYNCH, JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 1987, VOL 13(4), P13-42.
This ethnographic study is focused upon the lifestyles of white, suburban, middle-class homosexuals. Interview data on some two dozen individuals obtained in the spring of 1982 was increasingly supplemented and supplanted by continued field observation and other techniques of data-gathering through the summer of 1985.
The data on the coming-out experiences were largely congruent with models of homosexual identity formation, especially those of Plummer (1975) and Troiden (1979). As expected, older subjects generally progressed through coming-out stages at a slower pace than their younger counterparts. The middle-class orientation and the suburban socio-cultural environment were also seen as inhibiting homosexual identity formation. The advent of AIDS seemed to have little obvious impact on behavior until the last months of the study.
Suburban homosexuals in this study were strongly oriented to their work and career-building, to suburban home ownership, and to obtaining a long-term love relationship with another male. Suburban homosexuals were also strongly individualistic and assimilationist, rather than oriented towards collective action or organizational membership based on shared sexual identity. While the fortunes of the two friendship groups differed, friendship bonds among suburban homosexuals compare favorably with male friendships in the general population. The findings in this study suggest that suburban homosexuals, like many other Americans, are finding suburban life increasingly attractive and that the lure of large cities and gay ghettos has faded.
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